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Berlin formed the centre for the German house culture. Essential figures in this scene are producers Sven Vath and Westbam. WestBam, also known as Maximillian Lenz  played at the first Love Parade rave party in 1989 in Ku'damm Berlin. Around that time, the DJ culture made a breakthrough in Germany. In 1991 he organized the first Mayday rave in Berlin. With over 5000 people, it was the biggest techno party in Germany at the time. Commercialy succesful german house acts at the start of the nineties are Snap, U96, Culture Beat and Nalin & Kane. More spherical electronic music was created by Michael Cretu and his Enigma project.

The industrial scene of the eighties mixed with metal music evolved in the Neue Deutsche Härte (New German hardness). The combination of deep, clean vocals with a sound based on heavily distorted electric guitar and drums also usually includes keyboard and the use of synthesisers, samples, and sometimes drum-machines. The single ‘Das geht tief’ by Joachim Witt and Peter Spilles (frontman of Project Pitchfork) is often regarded as starting point of the genre. Groups like Die Krupps, Das Ich, Atari Teenage Riot (with producer Alec Empire) and Rammstein have (inter)national succes with this music style.

Against this electronic violence forms the Hamburger Schule as musical current encompassing elements from punk, grunge and experimental pop, and featuring intelligent lyrics. It established new grounds for the use of German language in pop music. By the mid 1990s, three bands met with great commercial success: Blumfeld, Die Sterne, and Tocotronic.

Germany was fairly late with incorporating hiphop in it’s music. It was not until the early 1990s that German hip hop entered the mainstream, as groups like Die Fantastischen Vier, the Rödelheim Hartreim Projekt, TicTacToe gained popularity. During the nineties performers like Sabrina Setlur and Xavier Naidoo joined the hiphop scene with more Nu soul type material.



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